Acne is a skin condition that can affect the face, the upper chest, and the back, most commonly during adolescence. In some people, however, acne persists well into adulthood. The condition causes inflamed red bumps, whiteheads and blackheads, commonly referred to as pimples or zits, to erupt on the surface of the skin.
Early treatment of acne is important to prevent scarring of the skin, and to provide the emotional and social benefits of smooth, unblemished skin. In some cases, self-care using a mild soap or face wash is enough to clear up acne, and in other cases, over the counter medication is effective. In some stubborn cases, the team at Dermatology Consultants may recommend prescription topical and oral medications and procedures.
Age or Liver Spots
These pesky brown or gray spots known as solar lentigines aren’t really caused by aging, though they do become more common as you get older. You get them from exposure to sunlight, which is why they tend to appear on your face, hands, and arms. You can try bleach creams, acid peels, and light-based treatments to fade them. See a dermatologist to rule out serious problems like melanoma or other types of skin cancer.
A rash of raised dots that turns into painful blisters, shingles causes your skin to burn, itch, tingle, or become very sensitive. Shingles often shows up on your trunk and buttocks, but can appear anywhere. An outbreak lasts about two weeks. You’ll recover, but pain, numbness, and itching might linger for months, years, or even the rest of your life. Treatment includes creams for your skin, antiviral drugs and steroids.
In most cases, common warts appear on the fingers or hands. They’re caused by the human papillomavirus. Warts spread when you touch something used by a person with the virus. They’re usually harmless and painless. You can treat them with topical medications, or a dermatologist can treat them with topical medications and or freeze them. Some may require more advanced treatment options.
Eczema is a blanket term for several non-contagious conditions that cause inflamed, red, dry, and itchy skin. Doctors aren’t sure what makes eczema start in the first place, but they do know that stress, irritants (like soaps), allergens, and climate can trigger flares. In adults, it often appears on the elbows, hands, and in skin folds. Several medications treat eczema. Some are spread over the skin, and others are taken by mouth or as a shot. There is no cure for eczema, but, in most cases, it is manageable through treatments like oral medications, steroid creams and light therapy.